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The President and His Cabinet

On January 20, 2017, Donald J. Trump was sworn in as the 45th President of the United States, and Mike Pence took the oath of office as the 48th Vice President of our country.
Each President selects advisors to head executive departments, known as the Cabinet.
The tradition of the Cabinet dates back to the beginnings of the Presidency itself. Established in Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, the Cabinet’s role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member’s respective office.
The Cabinet currently includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments — the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Attorney General.
In order of succession to the Presidency:
  •  Vice President of the United States
  • Department of State
  • Department of the Treasury
  • Department of Defense
  • Department of Justice (Attorney General)
  • Department of the Interior
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Labor
  • Department of Health and Human Services
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Energy
  • Department of Education
  • Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Department of Homeland Security
The following appointed positions have the status of Cabinet-rank:
  • White House Chief of Staff
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Office of Management & Budget
  • United States Trade Representative
  • United States Mission to the United Nations
  • Council of Economic Advisers
  • Small Business Administration
 From www.whitehouse.gov/administration/cabinet
As of the Review’s publication date, below are the men and women who President Trump has selected to comprise his Cabinet, subject to confirmation by the U.S. Senate.
Nominations for Positions that Require Senate confirmation
Secretary of State
The Department’s mission is to shape and sustain a peaceful, prosperous, just and democratic world and foster conditions for stability and progress for the benefit of the American people and people everywhere. (www.state.gov/s/d/rm/index.htm#mission)
Rex W. Tillerson, President and Chief Executive of Exxon Mobil
Secretary of Treasury
The Department’s mission is to maintain a strong economy and create economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad, strengthening national security by combating threats and protecting the integrity of the financial system, and managing the U.S. Government’s finances and resources effectively. (https://www.treasury.gov/about/role-of-treasury/Pages/default.aspx)
Steven Mnuchin, former Goldman Sachs executive
Secretary of Defense
The Secretary of Defense is the principal defense policy advisor to the President. Under the direction of the President, the Secretary exercises authority, direction and control over the Department of Defense. (http://www.defense.gov/About-DoD)
?James N. Mattis, retired Marine General

Attorney General
The Attorney General represents the United States in legal matters generally and gives advice and opinions to the President and to the heads of the executive departments of the Government when so requested. In matters of exceptional gravity or importance, the Attorney General appears in person before the Supreme Court.  (https://www.justice.gov/ag/about-office)
?Jeff Sessions, U.S. Senator for Alabama
Secretary of Interior
The Department of the Interior protects and manages the Nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage, provides scientific and other information about those resources, and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians, Alaska Natives and affiliated island communities. (https://www.doi.gov/whoweare/Mission-Statement)
Ryan Zinke, former Navy SEAL Commander
Secretary of Agriculture
The Department of Agriculture provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition and related issues based on public policy, the best available science and effective management. (www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=ABOUT_USDA)
Secretary of Commerce
The mission of the Commerce Department is to create the conditions for economic growth and opportunity. As part of the administration’s economic team, the Secretary of Commerce serves as the voice of U.S. business within the President’s Cabinet. The Department works with businesses, universities, communities and the nation’s workers to promote job creation, economic growth, sustainable development and improved standards of living for Americans. (https://www.commerce.gov/page/about-commerce#mission)
Wilbur Ross, investor
Secretary of Labor
The Department of Labor’s mission is to foster, promote and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers and retirees of the United States, improve working conditions, advance opportunities for profitable employment, and assure work-related benefits and rights. (https://www.dol.gov/general/aboutdol/mission)
Andrew F. Puzder, Chief Executive of CKE restaurants
Secretary of Health and Human Services
It is the mission of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services to enhance and protect the health and well-being of all Americans by providing for effective health and human services and fostering advances in medicine, public health and social services. (https://www.hhs.gov/about/index.html)
Tom Price, U.S. Representative, Georgia (R-6th District)
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) mission is to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all. (https://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/about/mission)
Ben Carson, former neurosurgeon and presidential candidate
Secretary of Transportation
The mission of the Department of Transportation is to serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future. (https://www.transportation.gov/mission/about-us)
Elaine L. Chao, former Labor Secretary
Secretary of Energy
The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. (https://www.energy.gov/mission)
Rick Perry, former Governor of Texas
Secretary of Education
The Department of Education’s (ED) mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access. ED establishes policies on federal financial aid for education and distributing as well as monitoring those funds, collects data on America’s schools and disseminates research. (http://www2.ed.gov/about/landing.jhtml)
Betsy DeVos, education activist
Secretary of Veterans Affairs
The mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs is to fulfill President Lincoln’s promise “To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan” by serving and honoring the men and women who are America’s veterans. (https://www.va.gov/landing2_about.htm)
Secretary of Homeland Security
The mission of the Department of Homeland Security is to secure the nation from threats and keep America safe. (https://www.dhs.gov/about-dhs)
John F. Kelly, retired four-star Marine General
Director of Central Intelligence agency
The Central Intelligence Agency provides overall direction for and coordination of the collection of national intelligence outside the United States through human sources by elements of the Intelligence Community authorized to undertake such collection and, in coordination with other departments, agencies, or elements of the United States Government which are authorized to undertake such collection, ensuring that the most effective use is made of resources and that appropriate account is taken of the risks to the United States and those involved in such collection (https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/)
Mike Pompeo, U.S. Representative, Kansas (R-4th District)
Director of National Intelligence
The Director of National Intelligence serves as the head of the Intelligence Community, overseeing and directing the implementation of the National Intelligence Program and acting as the principal advisor to the President, the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to national security. (https://www.dni.gov/index.php/about/organization)
Administrator of Environmental Protection Agency
The mission of the Environmental Protection Agency is to ensure that all Americans are protected from significant risks to human health and the environment where they live, learn and work by developing and enforcing regulations. (https://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/our-mission-and-what-we-do)
Scott Pruitt, Oklahoma Attorney General
Administrator of Small Business Administration
The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) was created to aid, counsel, assist and protect the interests of small business concerns, to preserve free competitive enterprise and to maintain and strengthen the overall economy of our nation.  The SBA helps Americans start, build and grow businesses. (https://www.sba.gov/about-sba/what-we-do/mission)
Linda McMahon, former chief executive of World Wrestling Entertainment
Ambassador to the United nations
The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is charged with representing the United States’ political, economic and social, legal, military, public diplomacy and management interests at the United Nations. (https://usun.state.gov/about)
Nikki R. Haley, Governor of South Carolina
United States Trade Representative
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international trade, commodity and direct investment policy, and overseeing negotiations with other countries. The head of USTR is the U.S. Trade Representative, a Cabinet member who serves as the President’s principal trade advisor, negotiator and spokesperson on trade issues. (https://ustr.gov/about-us/about-ustr)
Robert Lighthizer, attorney and former deputy trade representative
White House Chief of Staff
The White House Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking employee of the White House. The position is a modern successor to the earlier role of the President’s private secretary. The role was formalized as the Assistant to the President in 1946 and acquired its current name in 1961. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_House_Chief_of_Staff)
Reince Priebus, Chairman of the Republican National Committee
White House Counsel
This office advises the President, the Office of the President and the White House staff on all legal issues pertaining to the President and the White House. The office advises on investigations, litigation, legislative and administrative proposals, policy initiatives and judicial nominations, as well as providing legal advice on the myriad of questions that arise in the day-to-day work of the Executive Office of the President. (https://www.whitehouse.gov/participate/internships/departments#WHC)
Donald F. McGahn II, attorney and former member of  the Federal Election Commission
National Security Council Adviser
The National Security Council (NSC) is the President’s principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. Since its inception under President Truman, the Council’s function has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President’s principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. (https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc)
Michael T. Flynn, retired Army Lieutenant General and former Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
Director of Office of management & Budget
The core mission of OMB is to serve the President of the United States in implementing his vision across the Executive Branch.  OMB is the largest component of the Executive Office of the President.  It reports directly to the President and helps a wide range of executive departments and agencies across the Federal Government to implement the commitments and priorities of the President. (https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/organization_mission)
Mick Mulvaney, U.S. Representative, South Carolina (R-5th District)
Director of Council of Economic Advisors
The Council of Economic Advisers, an agency within the Executive Office of the President, is charged with offering the President objective economic advice on the formulation of both domestic and international economic policy. The Council bases its recommendations and analysis on economic research and empirical evidence, using the best data available to support the President in setting our nation’s economic policy. (https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/about)
Photo credits
Carson, Ben - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Chao, Elaine L.- United States Department of Labor
DeVos, Betsy - Keith A. Almli (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Betsy_Devos.jpg) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Flynn, Michael T. - United States Army
Haley, Nikki R. - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Kelly, John F. - U.S. Department of Defense
Lighthizer, Robert - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Mattis, James N. - United States Marine Corp
McGahn II, Donald F. - Jones Day (http://www.jonesday.com/dmcgahn/)
McMahon, Linda - Linda McMahon [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Mnuchin, Steve - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Mulvaney, Mick - United States Congress
Pencce, Mike - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Perry, Rick - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Pompeo, Mike - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Price, Tom - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Priebus, Reince - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Pruitt, Scott - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Puzder, Andrew - Gage Skidmore [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Ross, Wilbur - http://www.ourcampaigns.com/images/candidates/b379/FullC379143D2016-01-01.jpg
Sessions, Jeff - United States Congress
Tillerson, Rex W. - Office of the President-elect [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons
Trump, Donald J. - Michael Vadon [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Zinke, Ryan - United States Congress